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Munich Massacre 1972

Home > Terrorism > Terrorist Events and Incidents > Munich Olympics


1972 Munich Olympics and Terrorism

Eight terrorists from Black September, a Palestinian terrorist group, conducted a terrorist attack against unarmed Israeli athletes during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany.

In the initial attack two of the Israeli athletes were killed. Nine more were subsequently killed during an ill-planned and poorly executed rescue attempt by the German authorities at an airfield where the hostages and terrorists were supposed to move from helicopters to an airliner. All told, eleven of the Israeli athletes were killed by the terrorists. One German police officer also died in the shootout between the terrorists and the German police.

Five of the Palestinian terrorists were killed and three captured. The three captured Palestinian terrorists were eventually released by Germany following the hijacking of a Lufthansa aircraft.

The event was significant because it was captured by the world media and received much coverage. The terrorist event was hailed as a rebirth of international terrorism and sparked more discord and conflict in the Middle East.

The Germans were judged to be woefully unprepared for such an event and in later evaluations they were found to have made numerous errors in training, equipment, and  judgment. The German government subsequently established a very competent anti terrorist force called GSG 9. The event sparked an interest by many democratic western nations in the development of anti terrorist units.


Internet Resources About 1972 Munich Olympics

About.com.  Munich Olympics.
http://history1900s.about.com/od/famouscrimesscandals/p/munichmassacre.htm

Munich Massacre.  Wikipedia.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munich_massacre

Munich Massacre, 1972.  Infoplease.com.
www.infoplease.com/spot/summer-olympics-munich-massacre.html

Munich Remembered.  CNN.
www.cnn.com/US/9607/27/munich.remembered/

Tragedy in Munich.  nps.gov.
www.nps.gov/dabe/tragedy-in-munich.htm

The Munich Massacre, Munich Olympics.
www.timelineindex.com/content/view/1531

Germany, Counter-Terrorism Policy -  The lessons of 1972, by faqs.org.
www.faqs.org/espionage/Fo-Gs/Germany-Counter-Terrorism-Policy.html

Countering Terrorism: The Israeli response to the 1972 Munich Olympic Massacre and the development of independent covert action teams.  By Alexander B. Calahan, April 1995. A paper submitted to the Marine Corps Command and Staff College. Posted on website of the Federation of American Scientists (FAS).
http://fas.org/irp/eprint/calahan.htm

Munich Olympics Massacre.  Official U.S. government papers on CD.  PaperLess Archives.
www.paperlessarchives.com/black_september.html


News Articles About the Munich Massacre

September 6, 1972. "Munich 1972: Massacre at Munich".  A broadcast video by Canadian Broadcasting Company (CBC).
www.cbc.ca/archives/entry/massacre-at-the-1972-munich-olympics

September 18, 1972. "There Have Been Shootings in the Night".  Sports Illustrated.

September 18, 1972. "A Sanctuary Violated".  Sports Illustrated.

September 18, 1972. "Rescuing Hostages: To Deal or Not To Deal".  Time Magazine.

June 28, 1976. "After the Nightmare".  Sports Illustrated.

July 29, 1996. "Remembering the Munich 11?"  Sports Illustrated Olympic Daily.

August 5, 1996. "Munich's Message".  Sports Illustrated.

December 29, 1999. "Terrorists turn '72 Munich Olympics into bloodbath".  St. Petersburg Times.

August 20, 2002. "The Mastermind - Abu Daoud".  Sports Illustrated.

September 5, 2002. "When sports became life and death".  ESPN.com.

September 5, 2002. "Witnessing The 1972 Olympic Games".  CBS News.

September 5, 2002. "Munich Massacre Remembered".  CBS News.

September 5, 2002. "Munich massacre remembered".  ABC News Online.

August 20, 2004. "Athens 2004 remembers Munich 1972".  BBC News.

September 5, 2012. "The Munich massacre: A survivor's story". CNN. Shaul Ladany was an Israeli athlete at the games in 1972 and recounts his story of the events.

August 5, 2013. "Terror at the Olympics: Munich, 1972". Time.com.

December 2, 2015. "Horrific new details emerge about the 1972 Munich Olympics massacre". The Telegraph.


Movies about Munich 1972 Olympics from Amazon.com

Sword of Gideon .  This movie was made by HBO in 1986.  Based on a novel about the Israeli response to the Palestinian terrorist attack during the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich.


Videos about the Munich Massacre of 1972

Munich Massacre - The Story of 1972 Olympics. Flash Back on YouTube.com, September 24, 2015, 5 mins long.
www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XYVzUU21WQ


Papers about the Munich Massacre

Mapes, Benjamin, Eye for an Eye: Israel's Swift and Devastating Response to the Munich Massacre at the 1972 Olympic Games, Spring 2009. Paper wrote by an undergraduate history major for Eastern Illinois University.
www.eiu.edu/historia/2010Mapes.pdf


Books about Munich 1972 Olympics from Amazon.com

One Day in September: The Full Story of the 1972 Munich Olympics Massacre and the Israeli Revenge Operation "Wrath of God"

Striking Back: The 1972 Munich Olympics Massacre and Israel's Deadly Response

Massacre in Munich: The Manhunt for the Killers Behind the 1972 Olympics Massacre

Murder at the 1972 Olympics in Munich (Terrorist Attacks)


Information About Movies About The Munich Massacre

December 23, 2005. "The History Behind Munich".  Separating Truth From Fiction in Spielberg's Movie.  Slate Magazine.
http://primary.slate.com/ . . . /the_history_behind_munich.html

December 8, 2005. "Remembering the Munich Massacre".  Box Office Mojo.
www.boxofficemojo.com/features/?id=1957&p=.htm

Munich by Spielberg Films.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munich_(film)

Movie Trailer for Munich
www.youtube.com/watch?v=0LFfT44BlaQ


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Munich Massacre - 1972 Olympics

 

 



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